Mertens, Texas

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Mertens, Texas
Location of Mertens, Texas
Location of Mertens, Texas
Hill County Mertens.svg
Coordinates: 32°3′31″N 96°53′42″W / 32.05861°N 96.89500°W / 32.05861; -96.89500Coordinates: 32°3′31″N 96°53′42″W / 32.05861°N 96.89500°W / 32.05861; -96.89500
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyHill
Area
 • Total0.44 sq mi (1.13 km2)
 • Land0.43 sq mi (1.13 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
538 ft (164 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total125
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
128
 • Density294.25/sq mi (113.73/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
76666
Area code(s)903
FIPS code48-47820[3]
GNIS feature ID1341393[4]

Mertens is a town in Hill County, Texas, United States. It is located along State Highway 22. The population was 125 at the 2010 census.[5]

Geography[edit]

Mertens is located in eastern Hill County at 32°3′31″N 96°53′42″W / 32.05861°N 96.89500°W / 32.05861; -96.89500 (32.058545, -96.894887),[6] in Central Texas. The eastern border of the town in part is the Navarro County line. Via Highway 22, Hillsboro (the Hill county seat) is 14 miles (23 km) to the west and Corsicana is 26 miles (42 km) to the east.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Mertens has a total area of 0.42 square miles (1.1 km2), of which 0.5 acres (1,987 m2), or 0.18%, are water.[5]

Historical development[edit]

The first settlers arrived at this location in the late 1880s. During this time, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway was constructed through the area on its way from Corsicana to Hillsboro. The town's name originated from the engineer's wife of the first train that traveled though.[7] In 1888, the post office opened, and within four years a bank was established, with the population just above 75 residents. The International–Great Northern Railroad reached the community on its way from Italy to Malone during this time, creating a crossroads with the railways. The town became incorporated in 1914, with electric power reaching the city the year after.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920342
1930338−1.2%
1940251−25.7%
1950210−16.3%
1960104−50.5%
19701094.8%
198013322.0%
1990104−21.8%
200014640.4%
2010125−14.4%
2019 (est.)128[2]2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 146 people, 58 households, and 42 families residing in the town. The population density was 332.3 people per square mile (128.1/km2). There were 65 housing units at an average density of 148.0 per square mile (57.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 84.25% White, 4.11% Native American, 10.96% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.81% of the population.

There were 58 households, out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $36,667. Males had a median income of $29,500 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,422. There were 12.0% of families and 23.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 51.4% of under eighteens and 13.2% of those over 64.

Education[edit]

Mertens is served by the Frost Independent School District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Mertens town, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ a b Lisa C. Maxwell. "Mertens, Texas." Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved on 2007-05-02.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.